The Seven-Day Week and the
Meanings of the Names of the Days

The Seven Day Week
The Naming of the Days
Sunday -- Sun's day
Monday -- Moon's day
Tuesday -- Tiu's day
Wednesday -- Woden's day
Thursday -- Thor's day
Friday -- Freya's day
Saturday -- Saturn's day
See Also

The Seven-Day Week

The Babylonians marked time with lunar months. They proscribed some activities during several days of the month, particularly the
first -- the first visible crecent,
seventh -- the waxing half moon,
fourteenth -- the full moon,
nineteenth -- dedicated to an offended goddess,
twenty-first -- the waning half moon,
twenty-eigth -- the last visible crecent,
twenty-nineth -- the invisible moon, and
thirtieth (possibly) -- the invisible moon.
The major periods are seven days, 1/4 month, long. This seven-day period was later regularized and disassociated from the lunar month to become our seven-day week.

The Naming of the Days

The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus. The Greeks called the days of the week the Theon hemerai "days of the Gods". The Romans substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two pantheons are very similar.) The Germanic peoples generally substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia), Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.

Sunday -- Sun's day

Middle English sone(n)day or sun(nen)day
Old English sunnandæg "day of the sun"
Germanic sunnon-dagaz "day of the sun"
Latin dies solis "day of the sun"
Ancient Greek hemera heli(o)u, "day of the sun"

Monday -- Moon's day

Middle English monday or mone(n)day
Old English mon(an)dæg "day of the moon"
Latin dies lunae "day of the moon"
Ancient Greek hemera selenes "day of the moon"

Tuesday -- Tiu's day

Middle English tiwesday or tewesday
Old English tiwesdæg "Tiw's (Tiu's) day"
Latin dies Martis "day of Mars"
Ancient Greek hemera Areos "day of Ares"

Tiu (Twia) is the English/Germanic god of war and the sky. He is identified with the Norse god Tyr.

Mars is the Roman god of war.

Ares is the Greek god of war.

Wednesday -- Woden's day

Middle English wodnesday, wednesday, or wednesdai
Old English wodnesdæg "Woden's day"
Latin dies Mercurii "day of Mercury"
Ancient Greek hemera Hermu "day of Hermes"

Woden is the chief Anglo-Saxon/Teutonic god. Woden is the leader of the Wild Hunt. Woden is from wod "violently insane" + -en "headship". He is identified with the Norse Odin.

Mercury is the Roman god of commerce, travel, theivery, eloquence and science. He is the messenger of the other gods.

Hermes is the Greek god of commerce, invention, cunning, and theft. He is the messenger and herald of the other gods. He serves as patron of travelers and rogues, and as the conductor of the dead to Hades.

Thursday -- Thor's day

Middle English thur(e)sday
Old English thursdæg
Old Norse thorsdagr "Thor's day"
Old English thunresdæg "thunder's day"
Latin dies Jovis "day of Jupiter"
Ancient Greek hemera Dios "day of Zeus".

Thor is the Norse god of thunder. He is represented as riding a chariot drawn by goats and wielding the hammer Miölnir. He is the defender of the Aesir, destined to kill and be killed by the Midgard Serpent.

Jupiter (Jove) is the supreme Roman god and patron of the Roman state. He is noted for creating thunder and lightning.

Zeus is Greek god of the heavens and the supreme Greek god.

Friday -- Freya's day

Middle English fridai
Old English frigedæg "Freya's day"
composed of Frige (genetive singular of Freo) + dæg "day" (most likely)
or composed of Frig "Frigg" + dæg "day" (least likely)
Germanic frije-dagaz "Freya's (or Frigg's) day"
Latin dies Veneris "Venus's day"
Ancient Greek hemera Aphrodites "day of Aphrodite"

Freo is identical with freo, meaning free. It is from the Germanic frijaz meaning "beloved, belonging to the loved ones, not in bondage, free".

Freya (Fria) is the Teutonic goddess of love, beauty, and fecundity (prolific procreation). She is identified with the Norse god Freya. She is leader of the Valkyries and one of the Vanir. She is confused in Germany with Frigg.

Frigg (Frigga) is the Teutonic goddess of clouds, the sky, and conjugal (married) love. She is identified with Frigg, the Norse goddess of love and the heavens and the wife of Odin. She is one of the Aesir. She is confused in Germany with Freya.

Venus is the Roman goddess of love and beauty.

Aphrodite (Cytherea) is the Greek goddess of love and beauty.

Saturday -- Saturn's day

Middle English saterday
Old English sæter(nes)dæg "Saturn's day"
Latin dies Saturni "day of Saturn"
Ancient Greek hemera Khronu "day of Cronus"

Saturn is the Roman and Italic god of agriculture and the consort of Ops. He is believed to have ruled the earth during an age of happiness and virtue.

Cronus (Kronos, Cronos) is the Greek god (Titan) who ruled the universe until dethroned by his son Zeus.


These sources are somewhat inconsistent. I have chosen interpretations that are predominate among sources or that seem most reasonable.

William Morris, editor, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New College Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1976

Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Portland House, New York, 1989

William Matthew O'Neil, Time and the Calendars, Sydney University Press, 1975

See Also

The Royal Greenwich Observatory provides information on time, the calendar, the date of Easter, the equation of time, leap years, and the year 2000 AD.

The United States Naval Observatory has several systems of time.

Lawrence A. Crowl,, 27 September 1995


Origin of the months of the gregorian calendar

The Gregorian calendar, also known as the Western calendar, or Christian calendar, is the internationally accepted civil calendar.[1][2][3] It was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII, after whom the calendar was named, by a decree signed on 24 February 1582, a papal bull known by its opening words Inter gravissimas.[4] The reformed calendar was adopted later that year by a handful of countries, with other countries adopting it over the following centuries.

Many people go through the week without realizing what the names of the days truly mean. Sunday being the day of the Sun, and was the very day the pagans such as Constantine the Great worshipped their Sun god. Monday is really Moons day, or the day of the Moon, Tuesday is Tiu's day, or the god of the sky and war. Wednesday is Woden's day, god of the wild hunt, and day of Mercury, and identified with the Scandinavian god Odin. Thursday is Thor's day, the Scandinavian god of thunder or war. Friday is Freya's day, the goddess of love and fertility, or frig day to make love or to fool around. Saturday is Saturn's day, an ancient Roman god of agriculture, and identified with the Greek god Cronus. Our months up to June are from pagan origins as well, and the rest are names of Roman Emperors, and from September to December the months names are in fact a number. God numbered all days except the Holy seventh day Sabbath

Meanings of our Months:
The word "Month" comes from the word "Moon" so our "Months" should be from New Moon to New Moon which is the way our Creator God designed it.

JANUARY-Named for the Roman god Janus,' god of doorways' and beginnings. (Remember the Pope opened the 'Holy Door' on Jan. 1 2000?) January is man's beginnings not God's. The holy bible reveals that God's new year is around March 21 when the spring equinox occurs.

FEBRUARY- Named for the Roman festival of purification 'Februa'. The first day of the Carnival season is always January 6th (which is twelve days after Christmas). This is called the Twelfth Night (Kings Night) and marks the beginning of the private masked balls that are held until Mardi Gras Day. Mardi Gras Day (Which is always Fat Tuesday.) is the last and greatest day of the carnival season before their 40 days of lent.

MARCH- Named for the Roman God Mars, who was the god of war and guardian of the state. Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus

APRIL- From the Roman calendar month of Aprilis. Considered a scared month for the goddess Venus. April also comes from the Latin word aperire meaning "to open" refering to a spring season, opening of the flowers and leaves.

MAY- Named for the goddess Maia, the daughter of Atlas and one of the Pleiades.

JUNE- Named for the goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter and queen of the heavens and gods.

JULY- Named for Julius Caesar in 44 BC. The month originally had the Roman name of Quintilis (meaning five).

AUGUST- Named for the Roman Emperor Augustus in 8 BC. The month was formerly known as Sextilis ( meaning six).

SEPTEMBER- From the Latin word "septem" meaning seven, which was the seventh month of the calendar. (Yet we use it as the ninth month?)

OCTOBER- From the Latin word "octo" meaning eight, which was the eight month of the calendar. (Yet we use it as the tenth month?)

NOVEMBER- From the Latin word "novem" meaning nine, which was the nineth month of the calendar. (Yet we use it as the eleventh month?)

DECEMBER- From the Latin word decem meaning ten, which was the tenth month of the calendar. (Yet we use it as the twelfth month?)

Why do we use the names of pagan god's as our days and months if we are Christian? You might want to read the study titled "Apostasy Now" at...

the history of pope gregory

Background   He was born in the city of Bologna, where he studied law and graduated in 1530. Afterwards, he taught jurisprudence for some years; his students included notable figures such as Alexander Farnese, Reginald Pole and Charles Borromeo.  

At the age of thirty-six he was summoned to Rome by Pope Paul III (1534–1549), under whom he held successive appointments as first judge of the capital, abbreviator, and vice-chancellor of the Campagna; by Pope Paul IV (1555–1559) he was attached as datarius to the suite of Cardinal Carafa; and by Pope Pius IV (1559–1565) he was created cardinal priest and sent to the council of Trent.


He also served as a legate to Philip II of Spain (1556–1598), being sent by the Pope to investigate the Cardinal of Toledo. It was here that he formed a lasting and close relationship with the Spanish King, which was to become very important during his foreign policy as Pope.

  Within 24 hours of the death of Pope Pius V in May 1572, upon the influence of the Spanish crown, Ugo Boncompagni was elected Pope Gregory VIII.   One of the first acts of Pope Gregory XIII on seizing the throne was to appoint his son Giacomo Boncompagni a Cardinal at age 24 and prefect of Castel Sant'Angelo. Pope Gregory VIII also made his son General Governor of the Papal Army. In 1576 he later appointed his son Governor of Fermo. In 1579 he was made Duke of Sora a position that continued with descendents of Pope Gregory XIII until 1796.   A Pope active in international and domestic affairs, he encouraged the plans of Phillip II to dethrone Elizabeth I of England (1558–1603) thus succeeded in developing an atmosphere of subversion and imminent danger among English Protestants, who looked on any Roman Catholic as a potential traitor.   In 1578, to further the plans of exiled English and Irish catholics such as Nicholas Sanders William Cardinal Allen and James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald, Gregory armed adventurer Thomas Stukeley providing a ship and an army of 800 men to land in Ireland to aid in the hoped for overthrow of Elizabeth's rule through the Catholic leader and former leader of the first Desmond rebellion, Fitzmaurice. When Stukeley failed to follow through, Pope Gregory VIII commissioned Jesuit Dominic O'Collins and 50 militia as a second mission in 1579, which failed totally, with O'Collins and the Jesuit milita being captured and executed.   In France, Pope Gregory XIII funded and supported the actions of Charles IX in slaughtering tens of thousands of innocent men, women and children known as the Huguenots. On the same day when over 20,000 Huguenots were massacred, Pope Gregory VIII celebrated a Te Deum at Mass in Rome. He later commissioned three frescoes depicting the events in the Sala Regia of the Vatican Palace commended to painter Giorgio Vasari and a commemorative medal, with his portrait and on the obverse a chastising angel, sword in hand and the legend UGONOTTORUM STRAGES ("Slaughter of the Huguenots ").

crimes of pope gregory


Of crimes against humanity: (1572) St Bartholomew's Day Catholic troops of Charles IX sweep through Paris slaughtering between 10,000 and 20,000 Huguenots (Protestants); an estimated 700,000 flee during campaign.     Of moral indignity, depravity and inhumanity: (1572) That Pope Gregory XIII writes to France's Charles IX of Huguenot massacre: "We rejoice with you that with the help of God you have relieved the world of these wretched heretics".     Of murder: (1580) 879 heresy trials are recorded in late 1500s after Spanish Christians bring Inquisition to Mexico.     Of murder: (1582) Avignon 18 individuals are burned as witches under Grand Inquisitor Sebastian Michaelis at Avignon, France.     Of murder: (1583) Vienna Viennese grandmother is tortured then burned alive after Jesuits claim she cursed her 16-year-old granddaughter with 12,652 demons "kept as flies".




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