The Seven-Day Week and the
Meanings of the Names of the Days
The Seven Day Week
The Babylonians marked time with lunar
months. They proscribed some activities during several days
of the month, particularly the
The Naming of the Days
Sunday -- Sun's day
Monday -- Moon's day
Tuesday -- Tiu's day
Wednesday -- Woden's day
Thursday -- Thor's day
Friday -- Freya's day
Saturday -- Saturn's day
first -- the first visible crecent,
The major periods are seven days, 1/4
month, long. This seven-day period was later regularized and
disassociated from the lunar month to become our seven-day
seventh -- the waxing half moon,
fourteenth -- the full moon,
nineteenth -- dedicated to an offended goddess,
twenty-first -- the waning half moon,
twenty-eigth -- the last visible crecent,
twenty-nineth -- the invisible moon, and
thirtieth (possibly) -- the invisible moon.
The Naming of the Days
The Greeks named the days week
after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which
were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus,
Aphrodite, and Cronus. The Greeks called the days of the
week the Theon hemerai "days of the Gods". The Romans
substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars,
Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two
pantheons are very similar.) The Germanic peoples generally
substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia),
Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.
Sunday -- Sun's day
Middle English sone(n)day
Old English sunnandæg "day of the sun"
Germanic sunnon-dagaz "day of the sun"
Latin dies solis "day of the sun"
Ancient Greek hemera heli(o)u, "day of the sun"
Monday -- Moon's day
Middle English monday or
Old English mon(an)dæg "day of the moon"
Latin dies lunae "day of the moon"
Ancient Greek hemera selenes "day of the moon"
Tuesday -- Tiu's day
Middle English tiwesday or
Old English tiwesdæg "Tiw's (Tiu's) day"
Latin dies Martis "day of Mars"
Ancient Greek hemera Areos "day of Ares"
Tiu (Twia) is the English/Germanic god of
war and the sky. He is identified with the Norse god
Mars is the Roman god of war.
is the Greek god of war.
Middle English wodnesday,
wednesday, or wednesdai
Old English wodnesdæg "Woden's day"
Latin dies Mercurii "day of Mercury"
Ancient Greek hemera Hermu "day of Hermes"
Woden is the chief Anglo-Saxon/Teutonic
god. Woden is the leader of the Wild Hunt. Woden is from
wod "violently insane" + -en "headship". He is
identified with the Norse
Mercury is the Roman god of
commerce, travel, theivery, eloquence and science. He is the
messenger of the other gods.
is the Greek god of commerce, invention, cunning, and theft.
He is the messenger and herald of the other gods. He serves
as patron of travelers and rogues, and as the conductor of
the dead to Hades.
Middle English thur(e)sday
Old English thursdæg
Old Norse thorsdagr "Thor's day"
Old English thunresdæg "thunder's day"
Latin dies Jovis "day of Jupiter"
Ancient Greek hemera Dios "day of Zeus".
is the Norse god of thunder. He is represented as riding a
chariot drawn by goats and wielding the hammer Miölnir. He
is the defender of the Aesir, destined to kill and be killed
by the Midgard Serpent.
Jupiter (Jove) is the supreme Roman
god and patron of the Roman state. He is noted for creating
thunder and lightning.
is Greek god of the heavens and the supreme Greek god.
Middle English fridai
Old English frigedæg "Freya's day"
composed of Frige (genetive singular of Freo)
+ dæg "day" (most likely)
or composed of Frig "Frigg" + dæg "day" (least
Germanic frije-dagaz "Freya's (or Frigg's) day"
Latin dies Veneris "Venus's day"
Ancient Greek hemera Aphrodites "day of Aphrodite"
Freo is identical with freo,
meaning free. It is from the Germanic frijaz meaning
"beloved, belonging to the loved ones, not in bondage,
Freya (Fria) is the Teutonic
goddess of love, beauty, and fecundity (prolific
procreation). She is identified with the Norse god
She is leader of the Valkyries and one of the Vanir. She is
confused in Germany with Frigg.
Frigg (Frigga) is the Teutonic
goddess of clouds, the sky, and conjugal (married) love. She
is identified with
the Norse goddess of love and the heavens and the wife of
She is one of the Aesir. She is confused in Germany with
Venus is the Roman goddess of love
(Cytherea) is the Greek goddess of love and beauty.
Middle English saterday
Old English sæter(nes)dæg "Saturn's day"
Latin dies Saturni "day of Saturn"
Ancient Greek hemera Khronu "day of Cronus"
Saturn is the Roman and Italic god of
agriculture and the consort of Ops. He is believed to have
ruled the earth during an age of happiness and virtue.
(Kronos, Cronos) is the Greek god (Titan) who ruled the
universe until dethroned by his son
These sources are somewhat
inconsistent. I have chosen interpretations that are
predominate among sources or that seem most reasonable.
William Morris, editor, The
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language,
New College Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1976
Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language,
Portland House, New York, 1989
William Matthew O'Neil, Time
and the Calendars, Sydney University Press, 1975
Royal Greenwich Observatory
provides information on
date of Easter,
equation of time,
and the year
United States Naval Observatory
systems of time.
Lawrence A. Crowl,
27 September 1995
of the months of the gregorian calendar
calendar, also known as the Western calendar, or
Christian calendar, is the internationally accepted
It was introduced by
Pope Gregory XIII,
after whom the calendar was named, by a decree signed on 24
known by its opening words
The reformed calendar was adopted later that year by a
handful of countries, with other countries adopting it over
the following centuries.
people go through the week without realizing what the names
of the days truly mean. Sunday being the day of the
Sun, and was the very day the pagans such as Constantine the
Great worshipped their Sun god. Monday is really
Moons day, or the day of the Moon, Tuesday is Tiu's
day, or the god of the sky and war. Wednesday is
Woden's day, god of the wild hunt, and day of Mercury, and
identified with the Scandinavian god Odin. Thursday
is Thor's day, the Scandinavian god of thunder or war.
Friday is Freya's day, the goddess of love and
fertility, or frig day to make love or to fool around.
Saturday is Saturn's day, an ancient Roman god of
agriculture, and identified with the Greek god Cronus. Our
months up to June are from pagan origins as well, and the
rest are names of Roman Emperors, and from September to
December the months names are in fact a number. God numbered
all days except the Holy seventh day Sabbath
Meanings of our
The word "Month" comes from the word "Moon" so
our "Months" should be from New Moon to New Moon which is
the way our Creator God designed it.
JANUARY-Named for the Roman
god Janus,' god of doorways' and beginnings. (Remember the
Pope opened the 'Holy Door' on Jan. 1 2000?) January is
man's beginnings not God's. The holy bible reveals that
God's new year is around March 21 when the spring equinox
FEBRUARY- Named for the
Roman festival of purification 'Februa'. The first day of
the Carnival season is always January 6th (which is twelve
days after Christmas). This is called the Twelfth Night
(Kings Night) and marks the beginning of the private masked
balls that are held until Mardi Gras Day.
Mardi Gras Day
(Which is always Fat Tuesday.) is the
last and greatest day of the carnival season before their 40
days of lent.
MARCH- Named for the Roman
God Mars, who was the god of war and guardian of the state.
Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus
APRIL- From the Roman
calendar month of Aprilis. Considered a scared month for the
goddess Venus. April also comes from the Latin word aperire
meaning "to open" refering to a spring season, opening of
the flowers and leaves.
MAY- Named for the goddess
Maia, the daughter of Atlas and one of the Pleiades.
JUNE- Named for the goddess
Juno, wife of Jupiter and queen of the heavens and gods.
JULY- Named for Julius
Caesar in 44 BC. The month originally had the Roman name of
Quintilis (meaning five).
AUGUST- Named for the Roman
Emperor Augustus in 8 BC. The month was formerly known as
Sextilis ( meaning six).
SEPTEMBER- From the Latin
word "septem" meaning seven, which was the seventh month of
the calendar. (Yet we use it as the ninth month?)
OCTOBER- From the Latin word
"octo" meaning eight, which was the eight month of the
calendar. (Yet we use it as the tenth month?)
NOVEMBER- From the Latin
word "novem" meaning nine, which was the nineth month of the
calendar. (Yet we use it as the eleventh month?)
DECEMBER- From the Latin
word decem meaning ten, which was the tenth month of the
calendar. (Yet we use it as the twelfth month?)
Why do we use the names of pagan
god's as our days and months if we are Christian? You might
want to read the study titled "Apostasy Now" at...
history of pope gregory
Background He was born in the city of
Bologna, where he studied law and graduated in 1530.
Afterwards, he taught jurisprudence for some years; his
students included notable figures such as Alexander Farnese,
Reginald Pole and Charles Borromeo.
At the age of thirty-six he was
summoned to Rome by Pope Paul III (1534–1549), under whom he
held successive appointments as first judge of the capital,
abbreviator, and vice-chancellor of the Campagna; by Pope
Paul IV (1555–1559) he was attached as datarius to the suite
of Cardinal Carafa; and by Pope Pius IV (1559–1565) he was
created cardinal priest and sent to the council of Trent.
He also served as a legate to
Philip II of Spain (1556–1598), being sent by the Pope to
investigate the Cardinal of Toledo. It was here that he
formed a lasting and close relationship with the Spanish
King, which was to become very important during his foreign
policy as Pope.
Within 24 hours of the death of Pope
Pius V in May 1572, upon the influence of the Spanish crown,
Ugo Boncompagni was elected Pope Gregory VIII. One of the
first acts of Pope Gregory XIII on seizing the throne was to
appoint his son Giacomo Boncompagni a Cardinal at age 24 and
prefect of Castel Sant'Angelo. Pope Gregory VIII also made
his son General Governor of the Papal Army. In 1576 he later
appointed his son Governor of Fermo. In 1579 he was made
Duke of Sora a position that continued with descendents of
Pope Gregory XIII until 1796. A Pope active in
international and domestic affairs, he encouraged the plans
of Phillip II to dethrone Elizabeth I of England (1558–1603)
thus succeeded in developing an atmosphere of subversion and
imminent danger among English Protestants, who looked on any
Roman Catholic as a potential traitor. In 1578, to further
the plans of exiled English and Irish catholics such as
Nicholas Sanders William Cardinal Allen and James
Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald, Gregory armed adventurer Thomas
Stukeley providing a ship and an army of 800 men to land in
Ireland to aid in the hoped for overthrow of Elizabeth's
rule through the Catholic leader and former leader of the
first Desmond rebellion, Fitzmaurice. When Stukeley failed
to follow through, Pope Gregory VIII commissioned Jesuit
Dominic O'Collins and 50 militia as a second mission in
1579, which failed totally, with O'Collins and the Jesuit
milita being captured and executed. In France, Pope
Gregory XIII funded and supported the actions of Charles IX
in slaughtering tens of thousands of innocent men, women and
children known as the Huguenots. On the same day when over
20,000 Huguenots were massacred, Pope Gregory VIII
celebrated a Te Deum at Mass in Rome. He later commissioned
three frescoes depicting the events in the Sala Regia of the
Vatican Palace commended to painter Giorgio Vasari and a
commemorative medal, with his portrait and on the obverse a
chastising angel, sword in hand and the legend UGONOTTORUM
STRAGES ("Slaughter of the Huguenots ").
of pope gregory
Of crimes against humanity:
(1572) St Bartholomew's Day Catholic troops of Charles IX
sweep through Paris slaughtering between 10,000 and 20,000
Huguenots (Protestants); an estimated 700,000 flee during
campaign. Of moral indignity,
depravity and inhumanity: (1572) That Pope Gregory
XIII writes to France's Charles IX of Huguenot massacre: "We
rejoice with you that with the help of God you have relieved
the world of these wretched heretics".
Of murder: (1580) 879 heresy
trials are recorded in late 1500s after Spanish Christians
bring Inquisition to Mexico. Of
murder: (1582) Avignon 18 individuals are burned as
witches under Grand Inquisitor Sebastian Michaelis at
Avignon, France. Of murder:
(1583) Vienna Viennese grandmother is tortured then burned
alive after Jesuits claim she cursed her 16-year-old
granddaughter with 12,652 demons "kept as flies".