Generalized Descriptive Terms
Clairaudient - ability to hear beyond the physical hearing; such as voices, music and sounds.
Clairsentient - ability to feel or sense beyond the physical; such as gaining information through the five physical senses (heightened), intuition or 'gut feelings'.
Clairvoyance - ability to see beyond the physical sight; could be in the form of telepathy, precognition. Can receive information in the form of symbols; mind pictures; overlays (example: seeing past and present at same time).
Psychic - a generalized, and often over-used, term; can refer to basically any psychic abilities.
Some of the More Common Psychic Abilities
Channeling - ability to communicate with non-physical energies, such as 'masters', angels, guides and other world beings. (More found at "Channeling - Part One" and "Channeling - Part Two")
Empath - ability to sense and/or feel others emotions, or residual emotions. For those empaths who are untrained, the emotions can feel like their own and can be confusing. Public places and/or large crowds can be overwhelming. Shielding exercise can help.
The number of empaths on planet Earth are on the rise, and are usually coupled with one or more other abilities.
Far-See - ability to see far into the possible future (or past). This is closely related to the Probability ability.
Both abilities rely on the ability to foresee the most likely outcome based on the current energy patterns.
Far-See example: While driving, one can catch glimpses of the houses, buildings, landscape, etc. in the far future (or distant past).
Probability example: knowing what is going to happen shortly, based on the current energy patterns (closely related to Precognitive).
Healer - a very broad category. Healings can come in as many ways as the healers, themselves, develop. A word of caution to new healers: please never take others ailments into your own body.
Often beginner healers may start to see patterns during daily interactions. Friends and acquaintances may appear to feel better, cheerier, more up-beat or energetic when around you.
Some healers pray to heal. There are also: laying on of hands; visualization; manipulation of energy; auric healing (working on re-balancing the aura); chakra healers (re-balancing the seven primary physical energy vortices on the human body); Reiki, and much more.
Medium - ability to communicate with those who have crossed over (deceased). It can be getting messages from a deceased loved one or strangers.
Multi-talented Sensitive (my term) - one who has more than one working ability. A lot of people are now in the category, and it is growing.
Precognitive - ability to know things/events, etc. beforehand.
Premonition - ability to sense or feel an upcoming event - usually a 'gut feeling' about something. (Closely related to Precognitive.)
Psychometry - ability to touch an object, item or person and receive information. This information can be received in mind pictures (like still photos or short snippets of moving film); or sudden a knowing of information.
Telepathy - the ability to hear others thoughts, ideas, etc. (receiver) and/or send thoughts, ideas, etc. to others (sender). The ability to be both a sender and receiver is growing.
Tool Readers - ability to use a tool to provide a focus to access information about another. Examples can be (but not limited to): tarot cards, other card types, tea leaves, crystal ball, stones, minerals, 'doodles', etc.
Source = http://www.metaphysical-studies.com/faq/types-of-abilities/